Tuesday, March 30, 2010

We Could Try "Nice"

It isn't nice to block the doorway,
It isn't nice to go to jail.
There are nicer ways to do it.
But the nice ways always fail.

It isn't nice, it isn't nice.
You've told us once,
You've told us twice.
But if that is freedom's price,
We don't mind.

--Malvina Reynolds

The current controversy engulfing the university where I teach is one that could happen in any sufficiently open society. It is about whether a group of protesting faculty and students were right in painting slogans on walls; lobbing paintballs at one of our chancellors and destroying some chairs.

Yesterday I sent our Faculty Regent a song for those who believed the actions were justified. I have loved this song for a long time and I would urge people to look up Malvina Reynolds', “It isn't nice”.

The impulse to send the Faculty Regent the song comes from years of being an underground propagandist during the Marcos dictatorship. I have criticisms to make of those who used paint and destroyed chairs. Yet the song is a perfect vehicle to express their sentiments.

Only a few lines need be said about those who stood up for their beliefs in ways that were branded as impolite, improper, barbaric, unwise and criminal. Apart from the those who took up the early protests against the Marcos dictatorship, there are those who fought against apartheid, those who joined the civil rights movement in the US--- I could go on and on. I will add only that these movements were started by small groups who were initially vilified, only to be supported later by millions.

My criticisms have to do with why I have become a pacifist, though an angst-ridden one. Anyone who supports violent tactics and strategies needs to reflect on whether that particular form of violence (say, armed struggle as opposed to suicide bombings) can be justified. I am still convinced that there is a moral basis for violence. I am just setting the bar very high for when violent acts can be moral.

I think that using violence to defend oneself, one's loved ones and those in the immediate vicinity, against battering, sexual violence, torture, mutilation and attempted murder is eminently justified. I would not say that violence is only justified for these grand instances. I once slapped away the hand of my eldest son with enough strength to make him wail. At the time he was a toddler, trying to insert a pair of tweezers into an electrical outlet.

I do not think the methods used at the rallies in question were justifiable.

It is not just the University's officials who are condemning the methods. Several faculty members and researchers have expressed their disagreement in our discussions as well. I am also told that as the slogans were being painted on the walls, rank and file employees in the building were upset because the University would need additional funds to repaint. In their minds, the very people who had made an issue of the state's budgetary neglect of education, were squandering the very resources they wished to augment. Additionally, the discussions have now become about the methods of protest and not the issues of the protest.

I disagree with those who have tried to justify the violence by essentially taking the line that there is violence in society that is far more immoral than the case-at-hand. One cannot justify bad practice by stating that worse things have gone unpunished.

I must say that the tactics used do not rise to the level of truly gut-wrenching violence. In the opinions I have read or heard on the matter, I have noted some hyperbolic descriptions.

Furthermore, I do not condemn these actions just because these were impolite or bad mannered. Even the genteel may be roused to cussing when unduly provoked. I also urge the reader to look into the book entitled “Miss Manners Guide to Excruciatingly Correct Behavior”, to find out how and why a person should deliver a social snub—of which there are several varieties. The lack of politeness in the protest is self evident. The proposition that bad manners per se are condemnable is put to rest convincingly by the sentiments expressed in Reynolds' song.

The protesters have every right to go beyond the formal or sedate ways of handling dissent (more Board of Regents meetings, administrative cases, court proceedings, fora, petitions and scholarly papers). The history of revolutions and transformations shows this to be a necessity. But the decision to use non-formal methods is not necessarily a decision to escalate to violence. The methods of Gandhi and Martin Luther King are but two examples of this.

The question about tactics that should be answered is whether the wrong that is being protested justifies the slogans on the wall, the throwing of paint and the destruction of chairs. I have tried my best to follow the issues and believe that the protesters have very legitimate concerns. But I do not believe the tactics were just.

I believe this is why, confrontational tactics are being rejected by many ordinary citizens. We have too often planned protest actions that have resorted to minor forms of violence when, in the minds of a significant number, the moral basis for proceeding to violent action had not been met.

I am one of those who ascribe to the political ethic that the means must be justifiable in themselves. On a very practical level, questionable tactics are a barrier to revolutionary change. I am not the first to be discouraged by the fact that the people have not been more active in their resistance to the shenanigans of the Arroyo administration. I am not the first to note that the Left has been unable to provide the disgusted majority with tactics that evoke wide-spread action.

Folks from all walks of life have a deep desire for effective governance and democracy. This is true in all social institutions including the academe. If we are to be so arrogant as to call ourselves activists, we must come up with creative methods that can harness these passions in ways that do not trade off the future of activism for present gains.

37 comments:

kava said...

Sylvia Claudio wrote: ''I am convinced that there is a moral basis for violence. I am just setting the bar very high for when violent acts can be moral.''

Remember the Buddhist monk who set fire to himself at a crowded intersection in downtown Saigon Vietnam, back in 1963?

The monk named Thich Quang Duc did the self-immolation to show protest toward the Diem government. The monks had been demanding equal rights for the adherents of Buddhism. Previously the monks often protested the Diem government for the injustice that happened to some Buddhist followers. They were also demanding for law enforcement toward some parties responsible for the crimes against humanity that happened in Vietnam. But unfortunately, their efforts never received positive response from the Diem government, until finally Thich Quang Duc did the self-immolation.

Read more: http://blog.turisuna.com/self-immolation-the-sacrifice-of-buddhist-monk-from-vietnam

Sylvia Estrada Claudio said...

Hey Kava, Thanks for this post. As I tried to imply, I need to look at the form of violence and the circumstances in order to see whether this is, for me, moral. Here are what I believe are the elements that are important in the monk's case:

1) I would like to assume that there was deep meditation and self-reflection on his part before choosing this path. It troubles me when rallyists resort to violent tactics in formulaic ways: we have tried more peaceful methods, they have failed, therefore we must be violent. The Buddha himself would caution against this illusion of "either/or" or as Thich Nhat Than would say: Not A therefore B".

2) In self-immolating he chose minimum destruction to others.

3) He was protesting a genocidal war. among other things.

I wonder though whether the taking of life, even one's own, is justified. My thought is that it is justifiable in certain conditions--most importantly is if the person is dong it out of deep self reflection and on is or her own will.

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詩婷 said...

Knowledge is a treasure, but practice is the key to it.......................................................

韋于倫成 said...

感謝是愛心的第一步........................................

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韋于倫成 said...

我從來不認為不同意我的看法就是冒犯........................................

于呈均名 said...

the food is delicious!............................................................

祥傑祥傑 said...

我來給你支持鼓勵~祝你事事如意~~..................................................

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人生是故事的創造與遺忘。..................................................................

曉薇 said...

Man proposes, God disposes...................................................................

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吳婷婷 said...

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于倫 said...

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于倫 said...

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一棵樹除非在春天開了花,否則難望在秋天結果。..................................................

思恬 said...

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在莫非定律中有項笨蛋定律:「一個組織中的笨蛋,恆大於等於三分之二。」............................................................

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316 said...

缺少智慧,就是缺少一切..................................................

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士文婷文婷松 said...

好的部落格就要和好朋友分享--感謝分享..................................................

靜蔡蔡蔡蔡怡 said...

人們不缺少力量,他們缺少意志。..................................................

張王雅竹欣虹 said...

It is never too late to learn.......................................................................

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